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Probe-Fed Stacked Annular Ring Antenna

An example of how a probe fed stacked annular ring antenna may be simulated in FEKO.

This example illustrates how a probe fed stacked annular ring antenna may be simulated in FEKO.  The structure has been analysed in [1], which provides reference data for the FEKO results.  The basic model and dimensions are presented in Figure 1.


Figure 1:  Model of a microstrip patch in a cavity
Dimensions: (patch and cavity centred on origin)
probe-fed stacked annular ring antenna model
  • (a1, b1, d1) = (10, 29, 6.096) mm.
  • εr1 = 2.2,  tan δ1 = 0.001.

  • (a2, b2, d2) = (14, 31, 8) mm.
  • εr2 = 1.07,  tan δ2 = 0.001.

  • Feed location:  (xf, yf) = (21, 0) mm.
  • Pin diameter:  0.325 mm.

Planar multilayer substrates (also known as special Green's functions) are ideally suited to modelling the dielectric layers as infinite planes.  The substrate layers were therefore set with an infinite ground plane at the bottom of the stack.  Figure 2 presents the simulated model, with dielectric layers and feed point visible.

Figure 2:  Annular ring antenna using planar multilayer substrates
(a) 3D View
Stack model 3D
(b) Side View
Stack model side view

The model shown in Figure 2 was used to compute the input input impedance of the antenna.  The computed result is presented in Figure 3 in comparison with the measurements and simulation data of [1].  The FEKO computation compares well with the published data.  Note that the simulation results match up well with the theoretical results, indicating that the difference between theoretical and measured data may be due to the measurement setup.

Figure 3:  Input impedance locus:  FEKO simulated data in comparison with published data [1]
(a) FEKO computation
(b) Published measurement and computation
Reflection coefficient
Stack published data

[1] D. M. Kokotoff, J. T. Aberle, and R. B. Waterhouse, “Rigorous analysis of probe-fed printed annular ring antennas,” IEEE Trans. on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 47, pp. 384–388, Feb. 1999.